Abstract 87
Pavlíček, T., Bureš, P., Horová, L., Raskina, O. and Nevo, E. 2008. Genome size microscale divergence of Cyclamen persicum in Evolution Canyon, Israel. Centr. Eur. J. Biol. 3(1): 83-90. (DOI: 10.2478/s11535-007-0043-9).
Using DAPI flow cytometry, we examined genome size divergence of the Persian violet, Cyclamen persicum (Primulaceae) (2n=48) on close opposite slopes of Evolution Canyon (EC), Mt. Carmel, Israel. The range of genome size variation detected among measured cyclamens was 6.41% in relation to the smallest measured DNA content. Our data on C. persicum at EC showed that local variability in the 2C-value exists. Significantly less DNA was recorded in plants growing in one station of the African savannah-like south-facing slope (AS) but not in the remaining two stations of the same slope. We were not able to reject the null hypothesis that there are no significant interslope differences in the genome size between the temperate European garrigue-like north-facing slope (ES) and the drier AS. In spite of the nonsignificant interslope trend for the higher genome size in C. persicum, the data-fusion (meta-analysis) test using correlations between C-values in C. persicum, and earlier studied carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua), trifoil (Lotus peregrinus) and a beetle (Oryzaephilus surinamensis) and their distribution along the aridity gradient indicates a positive relationship between drought and genome size at the microsite.